Thursday, 23 March 2017

La Via Campesina 17April - Int'l Day of Peasant Struggles!


Call to mobilise on #17April, Int'l Day of Peasant Struggles!

Peasants Rights, Human Rights! 

Advance toward UN Declaration on Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas! 

Harare, 23 March 2017: 

The international farmers' movement La Via Campesina calls all its members and allies to mobilise on April 17, the International Day of Peasant's struggles. This year, we want the world to know that peasants and other people working in rural areas have been working very hard for their rights. The rights of peasants initiative, which La Via Campesina started 17 years ago, now is in advanced process within the United Nations towards a Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas. This declaration, if approved, will create an international legal instrument to protect the rights of and draw attention to the threats and discrimination suffered by peasants and other people working in rural areas.

The need for a UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and other People Working Rural Areas is more urgent and evident in the 21st century. Peasants, who produce the bulk of the food consumed globally, continue to face criminalisation, discrimination, displacements and persecution despite existence of numerous international legal instruments for recognition and protection of such rights.

Peasants' basic rights are increasingly very vulnerable as the economic and ecological crisis worsens. This situation is closely linked to human rights violations: expropriation of land, forced eviction, gender discrimination, the absence of right to land and lack of rural development, low income and lack access to means of production, insufficient social protection, and criminalization of movements defending the rights of peasants and people working in rural areas.

For instance, in Africa, over 70% of the agricultural production and care-giving is done by women but there is little recognition of their rights in relation to asset ownership, access to credit, information and participation in policy making etc. In Brazil, despite many years of peasants struggling for comprehensive agrarian reform, fair redistribution of land remains unfulfilled. In Europe, the Common Agricultural Policy and market deregulation of the milk sector affect hundreds of thousands of family farmers. In Asia, much as in rest of the world, free trade agreements and bilateral treaties have destroyed local markets and continue to threaten local and traditional ways of farming and farmers' exchange. Land concentration is increasing as some of the affected farmers are forced to sell their land; youth participation in farming is at its lowest. 

We call upon the people around the world to celebrate International Day of Peasants' Struggle by continuing to work to reinforce food sovereignty, the fight against climate change and the conservation of biodiversity; to fight for a genuine agrarian reform and a better protection against land-grabbing; continue to conserve, use, and exchange our seeds; and strengthen the solidarity among ourselves. These give strength for us to defend our land against corporate interest, persecution and violence against peasants and other people working in rural areas.

This year in July 2017 in the Basque Country, La Via Campesina will hold its VIIthInternational Conference to deepen our analysis of the current crisis and agree on strategic lines for action to strengthen our movement.

We also call upon countries to support the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas. We will mobilise our members and allies to pressure our governments to make the next negotiation in the 4th session of Open Ended Intergovernmental Working Group on rights of peasants and other people working in rural area at UN HR Council Geneva successful. We believe in championing the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas, humanity also wins.

Join us on April 17th by organising demonstrations, pressure to governments, public debates and discussions, film screenings, farmers markets, festivals, or solidarity actions - all of your ideas and plans are welcome! Share by sending to lvcweb@viacampesina.org so that we can capture and circulate them on our MAP of actions ahead of time. Please send us your pictures, audios and videos so that we can upload them on our website and our our TV".




Sunday, 12 March 2017

What is a botanist?

Botanist
From Greek botanism├│s
A specialist in botany.

Botany
From French botanique and Greek botanikos and botan─ô ‘plant’
The science of plants,
a branch of biology.

Biology
The study of living organisms
From German, via French from Greek bios ‘life’.

Life
The formation of RNA and DNA,
to grow, reproduce, change and die,
known only to occur on Earth.

Earth
A blue orb, third planet from the sun in the Sol solar system,
Orion arm of the Milky Way, Virgo cluster,
13.7 billion years after big bang, Laniakea Universe.

A botanist is a particularly curious member of Homo sapiens sapiens that seeks to fill the void of existential lack and wonder that are the bi-product of consciousness (i.e. tries to understand) the structure, functions, and uses of plants.

Sunday, 12 February 2017

Cost of conservation in Kaziranga, India

Rhinoceros unicornis
A BBC radio report and article on the tactics used to deter rhino poachers in Kaziranga NP, India. 


Over 100 people have been shot by guards in Kaziranga over the last 20 years - many of these people were innocent local people whose families claim that oversight, and due process and redress are lacking - significant in light of India's aim for more 'shoot on sight' policies across the country.